Ethno-cultural parks of Russia: advantages, varieties, development trends
In a multinational country, where hundreds of peoples have a rich history, where unique beliefs and traditions are preserved today, it is very important to preserve this diversity and abundance, make it interesting for future generations, and attract attention on a global level. And one of the best ways to do this is the organization of ethnic parks, which combine the information content of museums, the interactivity of exhibition sites. There are about 190 unique objects in the open air throughout the whole country, and all of them are not alike, original and interesting.
One of the most interesting types of ethnoparks is reserve museums, open-air architectural museums. It was in this format that permanent exhibitions were organized at the very beginning of their development. Today, many historians and experts in the field of culture consider them to be one of the most informative and informative, since the business component, commercial activity is not a priority for them.
The Kostroma Ethnopark, which appeared back in 1955, as well as a park founded on a little later on the Chusovaya River, can be attributed to the very first objects. Kizhi, known all over the world, Malye Korely, Taltsy deserve special attention. It is here that the largest number of original historical buildings is concentrated, at the same time, master classes and various historical reconstructions are constantly organized.
Interactive Ethnic Parks
Today, the organization of ethnic parks, both commercial and state, is one of the priority areas for the development of culture, which is actively supported by the state and private philanthropists. Therefore, their number over the past 5 years is growing rapidly. They are not similar to the first ethno-reserves, they have much more interactivity, trade, focus on domestic and international tourist flows. Here, workshops, excursions are held, you can see household items or listen to Slavic folk ethnic songs. Specialists in the field of history and national cultures note that here you can get the most information, while it is extremely difficult to achieve complete immersion in another culture.
It is such an ethnopark that can be visited in the Kaluga region, in Komi and Primorye. Fino-Ugric Park today can offer its visitors only a farmstead and a plague, the rest of the infrastructure is quite modern. However, only here you can attend lessons in the national language and learn how to work with deer skin.
Ethno-village is one of the most interesting formats of ethnic parks, which today is only in its infancy. Most of them are in those regions of the country where the number of local nationalities is as large as possible. The first formations arose in the Sverdlovsk and Orenburg regions. Indigenous peoples can live and even constantly work in such a settlement, and guests and tourists have the opportunity to take part in traditional crafts. For example, this is exactly how the fishing village of Tetrina in Murmansk acts, which is known for its permanent residents. An ethnic camp has been organized for the Mansi peoples, which has a unique format for a national children’s camp, where the new generation can combine modern education and traditional lifestyles, as well as mastering national crafts that are useful to the children of the nomadic people.